13 Oct 2023 12:30–13:30
Research Seminar - Dr. Marina Krauß, University of Augsburg, provides experimental evidence of the positive impact of universal early child care on maternal labor supply and gender equality.
Event type Hybrid Event
Room BZ E4.11 | Universitätsplatz 1 - piazza Università, 1
Departments ECO Faculty
We provide experimental evidence that enabling access to universal early child care increases maternal
labor supply and promotes gender equality among families with lower socioeconomic status (SES). Our
intervention offers customized help with child care applications, aiming to increase enrollment among
lower-SES families. 18 months after the intervention, we find substantial increases in full-time maternal
employment (160%), maternal earnings (22%), and household income (10%). We show that a substantial
share of the treatment effect on maternal full-time employment can be explained by increased child care
enrollment and specifically more hours in child care. We also investigate treatment effects on the division
of working hours, care hours, and earnings between mothers and fathers. The treatment improves a
combined index of the gender-equality outcomes by 0.4 standard deviations, with significant increases in
each dimension. Consistently across outcomes, we observe no significant effects for higher-SES families.
For online partecipation, please register at the link below.