The Centre’s main goal consists in the documentation and research of South Tyrol’s educational history, based on defined key points and connected to over regional and international perspectives. The theoretical foundation used for this research is the conception of school as “institutional actor“ theorised by Helmut Fend (2006), using a widened concept based upon action-theoretical, system-theoretical and institution centred approaches. This scientific background designs a theoretical concept of school fitted for the social and pedagogical research field.
The main research interest is the genesis of school, as a history of directives with political and educational intention and pedagogical principles at the macro level, as an institutional history at the meso level and as a decisive factor for the individual educational biographies, for the life and work of the protagonists at the micro level (pupils and teachers with their cultural life experiences). The Centre researches formal learning environments, but also informal and non-formal learning environments, as contexts, alongside the political and cultural economies, where individual and collective identities and competences are developed.
Online-exhibition of the project „Alphabetisierung in der Fremdsprache“ (Alphabetization in the foreign language)
“If one understands educational systems as realities, created and perpetuated by actors, then the history of their genesis is indispensable, if one wants to comprehend its current manifestations.” (Fend, H. 2006,16)
Photo: 3D glasses – Collection of the Centre’s teaching materials
Aiming to thoroughly research social and pedagogical fields of action, the necessity to not only use materials documented by traditional archives, but to include oral, material and figurative sources, presents itself. The important mission of the Centre consists in the collection and maintenance of relevant sources and databases (oral history, images, school books and texts, teaching materials and educational boards), facilitating a multilevel analysis.
Regularly, in the spaces allocated to FDZ/CDR, exhibitions, workshops, book presentations, coffee-meetings and conferences are organized for students, teachers, the international research community and the interested public. Furthermore, the Centre offers initiatives - including JuniorUni - for schools of all levels and for all linguistic groups:
a) Initiatives for schools and interested public
Using the authentic resources of the collection (pictures, movies, text books, didactical materials, regulations…), topics regarding the history of school are examined within the context of research partnerships, guided tours and/or workshops. No special knowledge is requested beforehand. The addressees are schools of all levels and linguistic groups. The offers are free of charge.
b) Focal points
When and where South Tyrol’s first school was built? Who were the teachers and students?
What ambitions did the Empress Maria Theresia have, introducing compulsory schooling in 1774? How did fascism and national socialism change South Tyrol’s school? Where there any similar situations (secret schools) anywhere else? How did those experiences influence the students and how much were they biographically and retrospectively relevant to them?
Grammar school Reinswald ,1905 (Photo: FDZ)
Summary of Research and Scholarship during the previous five Years / Award-winning Projects
Summary of current Research and Scholarship
Other cooperations and project partnerships